Using a combined amplitude-variation-with-offset (AVO) and inversion workflow, a 2D seismic data set was used to predict the lateral lithology changes in a sand bar deposit cut by shale-filled channels. Drilling into a shale channel drastically affects the success of a well, so understanding the spatial extent of such a feature is considered important to the economics of the development program. Based on results from extensive pre- and poststack modeling, a combination of AVO and inversion attributes provided the best chance at lithology prediction. Using this method, a channel map was created for a small study area. It is important to identify the risks and uncertainties intrinsic in the processes that are being applied as well as the effect of the overlying geology. This example in particular showed how vital it is to understand the geology in a specific area, know the technical limits of the data being used, and adapt workflows accordingly.
- Received August 30, 2013.
- Revision received November 7, 2013.
- Accepted November 17, 2013.